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How do philosophers define trust?

How do philosophers define trust?

Many philosophers define trust as a kind of reliance on other people based on a certain attitude. Others say it is rooted in a felt altruism, or in the hope that displaying trust will influence the other person to do what one wants them to do.

How does Baier define trust?

Thus, Baier defines trust as an “accepted vulnerability to another’s possible but not expected ill will” (Baier, 1986, 235). So, paradoxically, trust is a response to a vulnerability that involves making us even more vulnerable to the specific (trusted) party that needs to protect us from being so vulnerable.

What is trust in theory of knowledge?

According to a widely accepted account of trust and trustworthiness, trust in scientific knowledge claims involves both reliance on the claims and trust in scientists who present the claims, and trustworthiness depends on expertise, honesty, and social responsibility.

What are the theories of trust?

Communication Accommodation Theory: we morph to be like others. Contact Hypothesis: bringing enemies together helps make them friends. Credibility: factors which increase trust and credibility. Source Credibility: Who we are likely to believe.

What did Socrates say about trust?

Look instead for the person bold enough to say “I don’t know.” Two and a half thousand years ago, the Greek philosopher Socrates was put on trial for corrupting the youth of Athens and failing to respect the gods; he was sentenced to death for those crimes.

What is trust in epistemology?

Trust is fundamental to epistemology. It encourages epistemologists of all stripes to dig deeper into the fundamental epistemic roles played by trust, and it encourages philosophers of trust to explore the epistemological upshots and applications of their theories.

What are the four conditions of trust?

In this article, the author discusses the four elements of trust: (1) consistency; (2) compassion; (3) communication; and (4) competency. Each of these four factors is necessary in a trusting relationship but insufficient in isolation. The four factors together develop trust.

What is the element of trust?

What is cognitive theory of trust?

Our paper begins to develop a cognitive theory of trust. Our cognitive lens suggests specific types of relationships and contexts in which people are systematically inclined to trust one another nonoptimally. First, some accurate trust assessments may be socially nonoptimal.

What does Plato say about trust?

Plato’s ideal state is founded on trust; but it is a trust that runs only one-way. The questioning, challenging attitude of the philosophers is not required of the ordinary citizens: they are expected to trust their rulers without question.