# What is a variance in project management?

## What is a variance in project management?

A variance is defined as a schedule, technical, or cost deviation from the project plan. Variances should be tracked and reported, as well as mitigated through corrective actions.

### What is the difference between cost variance and schedule variance?

Cost variance is the difference of earned value and actual cost. Schedule variance is the difference of earned value and planned value. If cost variance is negative then the project is over budget. If the schedule variance is positive then the project is ahead of schedule.

#### What is the formula for calculating cost variance?

Cost Variance can be calculated as using the following formulas: Cost Variance (CV) = Earned Value (EV) – Actual Cost (AC) Cost Variance (CV) = BCWP – ACWP.

How do you calculate time variance?

A time variance is the difference between the standard hours and actual hours assigned to a job. The concept is used in standard costing to identify inefficiencies in a production process. The variance is then multiplied by the standard cost per hour to quantify the monetary value of the variance.

What is ideal time variance?

The difference between the number of hours budgeted for work and the number of paid hours not spent working (idle time). For example, if employees of a company were budgeted to make products for 8,000 hours, but only did work for 7,800 hours, then 200 hours were spent in idle time.

## How do I calculate my ideal time?

To calculate idle time, we simply deduct the actual working hour from the total standard hour, the difference is idle time. It shows the number of hours which company spends without getting anything. We can calculate idle time per employee, by the departments, or a whole company.

### What do you mean by material cost variance?

the difference between the standard DIRECT MATERIALS cost of a product (standard materials usage x standard materials price) and its actual direct materials cost (actual materials usage x actual materials price).

#### How do you get rid of idle time variance?

Eliminating Idle Time in Manufacturing: Keys to Increasing Production ThroughputMake Employees Part of the Solution. Capture Lost Time by Analyzing Work Stations.Maximize Cycle Times.Minimize Transit Times.Clean Up Bill of Materials, Assembly Drawings and Work Instructions.

What is abnormal idle time?

Abnormal idle time is defined as the idle time which arises on account of abnormal causes; e.g. strikes; lockouts; floods; major breakdown of machinery; fire etc. Such an idle time is uncontrollable. The cost of abnormal idle time due to any reason should be charged to Costing Profit & Loss Account.

What is the idle time?

Idle time is paid time that an employee, or machine, is unproductive due to factors that can either be controlled or uncontrolled by management. Idle time can be classified either as normal or abnormal. Minimizing idle time is key if a business wants to maximize efficiency over long periods of time.

## What are the causes of idle time?

Analysis of idle timeMachine breakdown. Normal causes. Lack of spare. Improper maintenance. Power failure. Lack of materials. Heavy rejections. In-balancing of production. Delay in procurement.Waiting for workers. Bad planning. Staying away from the job. Absenteeism.Lack of instructions. From management. From planning. From foreman.

### How is idle time treated in cost?

Idle time means the amount of time the workers remain idle in a normal working day. The cost associated with idle time is treated as indirect labor cost and should, therefore, be included in manufacturing overhead cost. For example, the normal weekly working hours of a worker are 48 and he is paid @ \$8 per hour.

#### How do you control idle time?

Idle time can be controlled thus: (i) There must be planned production and proper supervisions, so that idle time will be reduced to a minimum level. (ii) Jobs in hand should be planned in such a manner that the workers do not have to wait for the work.

How can idle time be avoided?

The instructions and drawings should be clearly laid down for all jobs so that workers may not have to wait unnecessarily for getting the instructions. Idle time due to internal power failure should be reduced by keeping a proper inspection and maintenance of the power plant.

What means idle?

adjective, i·dler, i·dlest. not spent or filled with activity: idle hours. not in use or operation; not kept busy: idle machinery. habitually doing nothing or avoiding work; lazy. of no real worth, importance, or significance: idle talk. having no basis or reason; baseless; groundless: idle fears.

## What is idle time and how should it be treated in cost accounts?

The accounting treatment of idle time is that it is treated as indirect labor cost and should, therefore, be included in manufacturing overhead cost. Idle Time = Total Time spent by a worker – Actual Time spent on production. EXAMPLE: The normal weekly working hours of a worker are 48 and he is paid @ \$8 per hour.